Who should be vaccinated with the Pneumococcal Vaccine?
- Everybody aged 65years and over.
- Those aged over 2 years and less than 65 who have any of the following:
- Asplenia or Hyposplenism. (splenectomy, sickle cell disease, haemoglobinopathies, coeliac syndrome)
- Children <5 years with a history of invasive pneumococcal disease.
- Chronic heart, respiratory or liver disease.
- Chronic renal disease or nephrotic syndrome.
- CSF leaks congenital or complicating skull fracture or neurosurgery.
- Diabetes mellitus.
- HIV infection.
- Immunosuppression due to disease or treatment.
- Individuals who have received, or are about to receive, cochlear implants.
- Post haematopoietic stem cell transplant, solid organ transplant.
Are the side effects from Vaccination?
The most commonly reported adverse reactions are localised redness and swelling at the injection site.
How often is the Pneumococcal Vaccine required?
Aged 65 and older:
A once only booster vaccine is recommended 5 years after the first vaccine for those who received a previous dose of Pneumococcal Vaccine at less than 65 years of age. Those aged age 65 or older who have received one dose of Pneumococcal do not require any further dose regardless of immune status.
Less than 65 years of age:
One booster vaccine is recommended 5 years after the first Pneumococcal vaccine for those whose antibody levels are likely to decline rapidly e.g. asplenia, hyposplenism, immunosuppression including HIV infection, chronic renal disease, nephrotic syndrome or renal transplant.
Those who received the Pneumococcal Vaccine at less than 65 years of age require one further booster at or after 65 years of age(five years after previous dose)